Maintaining Proper Water Quality in the Home Aquarium View Cart You may change your account settings, including your Billing & Shipping Addresses, Credit Card Information, as well as Express Checkout status.
  Welcome to LiveAquaria.com!  
HOME    HELP    CONTACT US    MY ACCOUNT    SIGN IN
LiveAquaria.com - Quality Aquatic Life Direct To Your Door. LiveAquaria.com - Quality Aquatic Life Direct To Your Door.
SEARCH


Diver's Den - WYSIWYG Fish, Corals, Inverts & More
Weekly Specials

Freshwater Fish Pond Foods Freshwater Plants Freshwater Inverts Aquarium Supplies
Marine Fish Coral Reef Rock Reef Cleaner Packs Marine Invert/Plant ORA Fish/Coral/Inv

Maintaining Proper Water Quality in the Home Aquarium

Maintaining proper water quality in the home aquarium.

Ensuring appropriate water parameters and environmental requirements is fundamental to reduce tank mortality.


Freshwater Parameters
The following chart provides acceptable water parameter ranges for different types of freshwater aquariums, brackish water aquariums, and ponds. The water parameters listed serve as a general guideline for maintaining each specific type of aquarium or pond. Some species of fish, plants, or invertebrates may have more specific requirements, so please review each individual species description for more information.
German Blue Ram
Parameter Freshwater Community African Cichlid Freshwater Plants & Discus Brackish Pond
Temperature 72 - 82°F 72 - 82°F 76 - 86°F 72 - 82°F 33 - 86°F
pH 6.5 - 7.5 7.8 - 8.5 6.0 - 7.5 7.5 - 8.4 6.5 - 7.5
Ammonia 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Nitrite 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Nitrate < 50 ppm < 50 ppm < 30 ppm < 50 ppm < 50 ppm
Alkalinity (Carbonate Hardness) 4 - 8 KH 10 - 18 KH 3 - 8 KH 10 - 18 KH 4 - 8 KH
General Hardness 4 - 12 GH 12 - 20 GH 3 - 8 GH 12 - 20 GH 4 - 12 GH


Marine Parameters
The following chart is a general guideline of acceptable water parameter ranges for different types of tropical marine aquariums. Some types of displays such as FOWLR (Fish Only With Live Rock) aquariums have a broader range of parameters than a reef aquarium. This is due to the delicate nature of corals and invertebrates that are commonly maintained in a reef aquarium. Some species of fish, plants, or invertebrates may have special requirements, so please review each individual species description for more specific information. For reference we have also provided the average water conditions measured on tropical coral reefs across the world.
Yellowstripe Maroon Clownfish in Anemone
Parameter Suggested Level:
Reef Aquarium
Suggested Level:
FOWLR Aquarium
Average Level:
Coral Reefs
Specific Gravity 1.023 - 1.025 1.020 - 1.025 1.025
Temperature 72 - 78°F 72 - 78°F 82°F
pH 8.1 - 8.4 8.1 - 8.4 8.0 - 8.5
Alkalinity 8 - 12 dKH 8 - 12 dKH 6 - 8 dKH
Ammonia (NH3) Undetectable Undetectable Near Zero
Nitrite (NO2) Undetectable Undetectable Near Zero
Nitrate - Nitrogen (NO3) < 1.0 ppm < 30 ppm 0.25 ppm
Phosphate (PO4) < 0.2 ppm < 1.0 ppm 0.13 ppm
Calcium 350 - 450 ppm 350 - 450 ppm 380 - 420 ppm
Magnesium 1250 - 1350 ppm 1150 - 1350 ppm 1300 ppm
Iodine 0.06 - 0.10 ppm 0.04 - 0.10 ppm 0.06 ppm
Strontium 8 - 14 ppm 4 - 10 ppm 8 - 10 ppm

 

Click here for a more printer-friendly version of this article.   Click here for a PDF version of this article.   Bookmark and Share

 

Up to 40% OFF DEALS! Subscribe today »
Help
Contact Us
Shipping Rates
Shipping Schedule
How to Order
Track Your Order
Rewards Program
Diver's Den Help
Services
Gift Certificates
Business Partner Program
Email Newsletters
PayPal Credit     PayPal®
WI Facility Open Houses
Invasive Species
About Us
Who We Are
Aquatics Specialists
Customer Comments
100% Guarantee
Visit our other sites:
Twitter YouTube Instagram
Freshwater Fish   |   Pond Fish & Plants   |   Brackish Fish   |   Freshwater Inverts   |   Freshwater Plants
Marine Fish   |   Corals   |   Reef Rock   |   Tank Cleaners   |   Marine Inverts   |   Marine Plants   |   Supplies
Visit our Retail Store   |   Site Map
bizrate Customer Certified Site - LiveAquaria.com Reviews at Bizrate Drs. Foster & Smith BBB Business Review McAfee Secure sites help keep you safe from identity theft, credit card fraud, spyware, spam, viruses and online scams
*FREE SHIPPING on qualifying aquatic life orders $99 and up. FREE SHIPPING on qualifying aquarium supplies orders $19 and up. Excludes Frozen Foods. See details

Copyright © 2017, Doctors Foster and Smith. All rights reserved.
2253 Air Park Road, P.O. Box 100, Rhinelander, Wisconsin 54501..
Updated 11/09/17: Terms of Use  |   Privacy Policy 

DFS24